Wondering what is a great argumentative topic? Well, a great argumentative topic follows a certain structure. A great argumentative topic will depend on how well you present your argument. Presenting the ideas effectively requires that you stick to the established outline. The main sections include;

  1. Introduction
  2. Develop your argument
  3. Refute the opponents’ arguments
  4. Conclusion

Section1: Introduction

The introduction lays the foundation for the argumentative essay.

The first sentence of the introduction should hook up the reader to be interested in the essay. The hook up sentence, therefore, should be very interesting. It should make the reader want to look for more information. For instance, let’s say your great argumentative topic is  “why the government should abolish capital punishment.”

Your hook could be, “Have you ever been punished by anyone for something you have not done?” In most cases, people have been punished yet they were innocent. This will make a great argumentative topic, because the reader want to find out more about capital punishment. Note: a hook up can be a question or a statement. For example, “The government might execute individuals who are innocent due to the poor research of evidence to prove if someone is guilty.”

If you’re having trouble coming up with a good hook, you can find help from our professional experts at heroespapersinternational.org

  1. Background Information

In the background part, offer some detailed background information about the topic. Don’t assume that the reader knows about the background to the topic. You should consider the following questions. What is the issue? Who cares? Where is the issue mostly practiced? What is the importance of the issue?

For example, “Death Penalty Information Center records that the death system dates back to the eighteenth century B.C during the reign of King Hammaurabi of Babylon. The purpose of the law was to punish crimes committed by people. The death penalty became common in the fourteenth century and seventeenth century B.C in the code of Draconian and Hittite.  The means through which death sentence was carried out include; beating to death, burning, impalement, drowning and crucifixion (deathpenaltyinfo.org). However, hanging became a common method of the death penalty in Britain and later in the U.S in the 1890s.”

  1. Thesis

Your thesis is the last sentence of the introduction paragraph. Here, state your position clearly and give a reason for your stance.

For example, “The government should abolish death penalty because the flaws in the criminal justice system has led to the innocent people being prosecuted and the guilty set free. It is, therefore, an unfair way of punishing the convicted if insufficient evidence is provided.”

Notice the word “should” in the thesis statement? Using this word makes it clear that you have taken a position or a stance on the argument. Also, note that the thesis stamen sets up the claims which will be expanded later. In my thesis statement, the claims include; flaws in the criminal justice system, prosecution of innocent people, and it’s an unfair way of punishing the convicted if insufficient evidence is provided.

Section 2: Developing Your Argument

After filling in the general points in the introduction, it’s time to develop your argument. In this sample outline, I will show three claims, each supported by three points of evidence. You can, however, use two or four claims, it depends on the number of points. In the other words, the number of points you choose doesn’t matter unless your professor has specified the number of points.

  1. What is a claim? This is a statement that supports the argument. Note: A claim is also called a topic sentence, which summarizes the points.

For example, “Capital punishment is an unfair act which those governments that still maintain it should abolish because it is inhuman and cruel.”

  1. What is evidence? This is where you support your claim. Make sure that you present facts from reliable resources. Avoid personal knowledge or anecdotal.

For example, “According to Death Penalty Information Center (DPIC), one of those victims that were put to death although he was innocent is Tilon Carter. Texas Court of criminal Appeals revealed that Carter was convicted on “false or misleading testimony by the State Medical Examiner” that he had caused the death of his victim.”

Note: the outline shows three pieces of evidence to support each claim, but each claim does not necessarily need the three pieces of evidence to back it, unless your professor has specified that you include three pieces of evidence. You need, however, enough evidence to make your readers believe your claim. A sketchy evidence cannot convince your audience.  Once you are through with your claims, move to the next element; refute your opponents’ arguments.

Section 3: Refute Opponents’ Arguments.

State the opponents’ views and then offer a rebuttal or a counter-attack. In this section, you respond to the opponents’ views using evidence.

For example, “The proponents of death penalty argue that death is the only way that justifies justice for those who are committing serious mistakes like kidnapping babies and raping them.”

Now it’s time to face the opponents with hard evidence that will make them walk on all fours.

For example, “Since the ancient years, death penalty has not reduced crimes committed by people but instead it makes the rate of offenses to increase. In fact, according to Steven Durlauf and Charles Kerwin in their research, “Pitfalls in the Use of Time Series Methods to Study Deterrence and Capital Punishment”, capital punishment does the opposite of what it expected. For example, Canada experienced a 44% drop of murders after abolishing death penalty for twenty seven years (Charles and Durlauf 53).

After refuting the opponents’ viewpoints, conclude your argumentative essay.

Section 4: Conclusion

In conclusion;

  1. Restate the importance of your issue. In the other words, restate the thesis statement.


For example, “The death penalty is not a righteous act of instilling fear into people to avoid committing serious crimes. It only shows that people are interested in seeking revenge for what happened to their life or someone close to them.”

  1. State the effects of implementing or not implementing your idea.

Let your audience know the consequences of implementing or not implementing the idea

For example, “Proposing execution or killing someone and trying to justify their mistake only makes people worse. The courts sometimes convict innocent people due to wrong evidence provided by the jurors. It is, therefore, significant to look for the right evidence before concluding whether someone should be convicted without doubts or get released in case the evidence is not sufficient. The government should, therefore, resort to an alternative such as life imprisonment with no possibility of a parole.